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FAQ: How to Change Your Spark Plugs {2}



'How-To' by Erik Gross

{See Disclaimer...}



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Notes:

These instructions apply to a 1995 NA DOHC Mitsubishi 3000GT, but are easily adaptable to any model/year of 3000GT or Dodge Stealth. Note that my car does not have an Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system, so if you have a CA emissions or 1996+ car, you get to have more fun removing those connections.

Also note that these instructions involve removing the plenum and throttle body; if you only want to change the plugs (not check compression), it is possible to change the plugs without completely removing the plenum. Jeff Lucius's "plug change" page provides an excellent description of how to do this, and also has the description of the EGR connections.



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Rationale:

Why Do You Want To Do This?

 

Spark plugs deteriorate with time and usage.  No spark = No fun.

How Often Should You Do This?

 

The Service Manual says that under normal conditions the stock platinum plugs are to be replaced every 60,000 miles. Under "Severe Driving Conditions", it recommends replacing the spark plugs every 15,000 miles, platinum or not. Considering that the stock NGK plugs are over $10 each, I check mine every 15,000 - 30,000 miles and will replace them when they look fouled, worn, etc., or when I hit 60,000 miles (whichever comes first). The front bank are pretty easy to check, and if they're OK and you have no performance problems, the back ones are probably OK as well.

How Long Will It Take Me To Do This?

 

For your first time, plan on a couple of hours to a half a day, depending on how mechanically inclined you are and how many parts you drop accidentally into the nether regions of the engine bay. After you've done it once, you should be able to complete the plug change in 90 minutes, if you're taking your time, and about 45-60 minutes if you're in a hurry.

Anything I Should Do Prior To Attempting This Procedure?

 

Make sure that you have all the parts and tools you'll need.



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Under the Hood:


Under the Hood of a 3000GT
Click on the picture to view an enlarged, labeled shot of the engine bay.

To get your bearings: the intake plenum is the shiny metal thing with the six runners in the middle of the engine bay; the throttle body is at the left rear of the plenum and is attached to the black intake pipe (y-pipe on turbo models); The crankshaft (and camshaft on 93+ models) position sensor harness(es) are on the right of the engine near the timing belt covers. Also, the cylinders are numbered with #1 being the front right (driver's side) and #2 being in the right rear. To it say another way, the front bank is numbered, driver to passenger side (right to left): 1, 3, 5 and the rear bank is numbered, driver to passenger side (right to left): 2, 4, 6. The ignition coil packs are located to the left of the front bank of the engine. There are numbers imprinted on the engine next to the coil-side connectors for the ignition wires indicating to which cylinder each wire is attached. Starting toward the rear of the car, the coil pack connectors are attached to cylinders 1, 4, 2, 5, 3, and 6.



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Tools You Will Need:


Tools You'll Need

Required (bottom)

  • (1) Phillips Screwdriver
  • (1) 3/8" Socket Wrench
  • (1) 6" Extension for Socket Wrench
  • (1) 10mm Socket
  • (1) 12mm Socket
  • (1) 5/8" Spark Plug Socket

Will Make Your Life Easier (top)

  • (1) 3/8" Torque Wrench
  • (1) 3" Extension for Socket Wrench
  • (1) Speed Wrench
  • (1) Magnetic Tray for Holding Nuts and Bolts
  • (1) Flexible Magnetic Retriever
  • (1) Small Flat Screwdriver (not pictured)



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Mitsubishi Parts You Will Need:


 

  • (6) MS851336 - NGK Spark Plugs ($11.00 ea.)
  • (1) MD143791 - Intake Plenum Gasket ($6.00 ea.)
  • (1) MD180361 - Throttle Body Gasket ($2.00 ea.)

 



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The Procedure:


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1.  Remove Center Cover from Front Bank Valve Cover


Front Center Valve Cover

This plastic plate is held in by the 8 bolts at its edges and covers the front spark plug wires/wells. Use either a large Phillips screwdriver or a 10mm socket. Picture shown with plate removed.


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2.  Remove Wiring Harnesses from Left Side of Intake Plenum


Removing the Wiring Harness

Two 10mm bolts hold the bracket to the left side of the intake plenum. Remove the bolts and push the connectors away from the plenum. It is not necessary to unplug the connectors.


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3.  Remove the Front Wiring Harness Rail


Removing the Wiring Rail

Two 10mm bolts hold the wiring rail to the front of the intake plenum. Remove the bolts and pull the rail away from the plenum.


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4.  Remove the Accelerator Cable Bracket


Removing the Accelerator Cable Bracket

Two 10mm bolts (5 N*m) hold the accelerator cable to the rear of the intake plenum. Remove the bolts and pull the bracket away from the plenum. Leave the accelerator cable attached to the throttle body. Note when reinstalling the bracket, adjust the bracket position so that there is minimal play in the cable, but be sure that the throttle plate is completely closed when you are not pulling on the cable!


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5.  Disconnect the Intake Pipe, PCV Hose,
Fuel Pressure Vacuum Hose, And Brake Booster Hose


Disconnecting the Intake Pipe and 
			Brake Booster

---Loosen the two hose clamps at the ends of the intake pipe.
---Remove the Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Hose from the intake pipe. If it is stuck, twist the end near the intake pipe carefully before pulling it off.
---Disconnect both ends of the intake pipe and lift it out of the engine bay. The fittings are pretty tight, so you may have to wiggle it a bit to get it loose.
---Remove the brake booster vacuum hose by pinching the clamp to loosen it and then slide the hose off the nipple on the plenum.
---Remove the vacuum hose that goes to the fuel pressure regulator by sliding the hose off of the protrusion on the intake plenum. As with other hoses, if it is stuck, grasp the hose near the end and carefully twist it about the protrusion so as to break it free. It will then slide off.


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6.  Remove the Throttle Body Stay Bolt


Removing the Throttle Body Stay

One 12mm (18 N*m) bolt secures the rear of the throttle body to the engine. Remove the bolt. Pretty, shiny throttle body courtesy Mopar Combustion Chamber Cleaner (Chrysler P/N 04318001).


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7.  Remove the Throttle Body


Removing the Throttle Body

Four 12mm bolts (13 N*m) attach the throttle body to the intake plenum. Remove the bolts, and the throttle body will now be free from the plenum and its mounting bolt. Gently pull the throttle body away from the plenum, being careful not to lose the gasket (next step). Note that the throttle body will still be attached to some coolant lines and some vacuum lines, so do not attempt to remove the throttle body from the engine bay.


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8.  Remove the Throttle Body Gasket


Removing the Throttle Body Gasket

The throttle body gasket is in between the throttle body and the intake plenum. Remove it, making note of the direction in which it is installed. Do not reinstall the used gasket - replace it with a new one!


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9.  Remove the Intake Plenum Stay Bolts


Removing the Intake Plenum Stay

There are three 12mm (18 N*m) bolts that secure the rear of the intake plenum to the engine. Remove the bolts, noting that one bolt also secures a grounding cable to the chassis.


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10.  Remove the VIC Motor Wiring Harnesses


Removing the VIC Motor Connections

There are two wiring harnesses attached to the Variable Induction Control(VIC) Motor. There is a silver wire clip (looks like a paper clip) that surrounds the harness connector. Carefully remove this with a small screwdriver. Then the harness connector will just slide off.


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11.  Remove the Remaining Intake Plenum Bolts


Removing the Plenum-Manifold Connections

There are five more 12mm bolts (18 N*m) and two 12mm nuts (18 N*m) that attach the intake plenum to the intake manifold. Remove the bolts and the nuts, being careful not to let the lock washers or the nuts fall down into the murky depths of the engine bay, lest you never see them again.


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12.  Lift the Intake Plenum Out of the Engine Bay


Removing the Plenum

At this point, the intake plenum is not connected to the engine, so you can simply lift it out. Do this carefully, and lift straight up until you clear the posts on the manifold. The picture shows the plenum partially lifted out, but not removed. You can also see the metal plenum-manifold gasket on top of the intake manifold.


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13.  Remove the Intake Plenum Gasket


Removing the Plenum Gasket

The intake plenum gasket lies between the manifold and the plenum and can be removed once the plenum is removed. This gasket must be replaced whenever the intake plenum is removed, as should all such gaskets. You now have access to all 6 spark plugs and wires. A few points of interest and the cylinder numbers have been labeled for reference.


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14.  Remove the Coil-side Connections of the Ignition Wires


Removing the Coil Side Ignition Wires

Gently pull straight up. Repeat for remaining 5 cylinders. Note that the numbers are actually printed on the engine approximately where the green numbers are located. From the front of the car, the connections are: 6, 3, 5, 2, 4, 1.


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15.  Remove the Plug-side Connections of the Ignition Wires


Removing the Plug Side Ignition Wires

Again, gently pull straight up; repeat for remaining 5 cylinders.


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16.  Remove Spark Plugs


Removing the Spark Plugs

With your spark plug socket on a 6" extension attached to your socket wrench, gently remove the spark plugs from the spark plug wells. As you remove the spark plugs, place them somewhere where you can later remember which plug came from which cylinder as this can help diagnose problems. When replacing the spark plugs, tighten them to 25 N*m with your torque wrench so you don't strip the threads!


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17.  Reverse the Instructions to Reinstall Everything


In case you forget where all the nuts and bolts you removed are supposed to go, here's a picture of all the parts you should have lying around. I've included the torque specifications in the above descriptions for each of the bolts you will be tightening. While it is not absolutely necessary to use a torque wrench, it is highly recommended, especially on the connections involving metal gaskets.


Nuts and Bolts You Removed

{Clockwise from top left}

  • Intake Plenum Stay Bolts (With Washers)
  • Accelerator Cable Bracket Bolts (With Washers)
  • Wiring Rail Bolts (With Washers)
  • Wiring Harness Bolts (No Washers)
  • Throttle Body Bolts and TB Stay Bolt (With Washers)
  • Intake Plenum Nuts and Lock Washers (With Washers)
  • Intake Plenum Bolts (With Washers)
  • Intake Plenum (not pictured)



Get more details at my Plug Change page.


Wanna check your cylinder compression while you've got the plugs out?



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WARNING: The instructions on this page may involve hazardous conditions such as, but not limited to, working with flammable liquids and having extremely heavy items suspended over your head. If you are not comfortable working on your car, are not mechanically inclined, do not have the proper tools, or tend to do stupid things like extinguishing your cigarette butt in a container of gasoline, please close your web browser and take your car to you local mechanic and pay him to do the work you were going to attempt yourself.

That being said, I've created these pages to help do-it-yourselfers perform maintenence or modifications on their cars. The instructions herein are simply the way I've gone about doing these tasks. They may not be the best way, or even the correct way (though I hope they are), so follow the instructions with appropriate caution. If you have questions/comments, please feel free to e-mail me.

Finally, these instructions come with no warranty whatsoever, either explicit or implicit. They are not guaranteed to do anything. If you attempt to follow these instructions and damage your property, yourself, someone else, or someone else's property, I am not responsible.     ---Erik Gross



And just in case Erik's words above aren't clear enough for you...

If you aren't good at following instructions exactly, or if you aren't handy with tools,
or if you are just plain dumb as a rock, please read our blanket disclaimer HERE



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Article And Engine Images 2000-2004 Erik Gross, All Rights Reserved.
Other Images 1995-2004 Bob Forrest, All Rights Reserved.